Me yasa takin kajin dole ya zama ya lalace sosai kafin amfani?

Da farko dai, takin danyen kaza bai yi daidai da takin gargajiya ba. Taki na gargajiya yana nufin ciyawa, kek, taki na dabbobi, saura naman kaza da sauran kayan ƙamshi ta hanyar bazuwar, ƙanshi da sarrafa shi ana yin taki. Takin dabbobi ɗayan ɗayan albarkatun ƙasa ne don samar da takin zamani.

Ko taki mai danshi ko busasshiyar kaza ba ta tanka ba, a saukake zai haifar da lalata kayan lambu masu dumama yanayi, gonaki da sauran albarkatun gona, wanda zai haifar da babbar asara ga manoma. Bari mu fara da duba hadarin da ke tattare da danyen taki na kaji, kuma me yasa mutane ke ganin danyen taki na kaji ya fi na sauran dabbobin tasiri? Kuma yaya ake yin cikakken amfani da taki na kaji daidai da inganci?

Bala'i takwas da sauƙin lalacewa ta hanyar amfani da taki kaza a cikin bishiyoyi da lambunan lambuna:

1. Kona tushen, kone shuki da kashe shuke-shuke

Bayan amfani da taki ba tare da abinci ba, idan an saka hannunka cikin ƙasa, zazzabin ƙasa zai yi girma sosai. A cikin mawuyacin hali, mutuwar flake ko cikakken alfarwa zai jinkirta noma kuma ya haifar da asarar kuɗin aiki da saka jari.

Musamman, aikace-aikacen taki na kaza a cikin hunturu da bazara na da mafi haɗarin haɗarin aminci, domin a wannan lokacin, yanayin zafin jiki a cikin greenhouse yana da yawa, kuma kumburin dajin taki na kaza zai aika da zafi mai yawa, wanda zai haifar da ƙone tushen . An yi amfani da taki na kaza a cikin gonar bishiyoyi a cikin hunturu da bazara, kawai dai yana cikin lokacin dormancy na tushe. Da zarar tushen ya kone, zai shafi tara kayan abinci mai gina jiki da furanni da 'ya'yan itace a cikin shekara mai zuwa.

2. Salinization na ƙasa , rage yawan fruita fruitan itace

Ci gaba da amfani da taki na kaji ya bar yawancin sodium chloride a cikin ƙasa, tare da matsakaita na kilo 30-40 na gishiri a kowane murabba'in murabba'in mita 6, kuma kilogram 10 na gishiri a kowace kadada ya taƙaita tasirin ƙasa da aiki sosai . Ingantaccen takin fosfat, taki mai narkewa, alli, magnesium, zinc, iron, boron, manganese da sauran muhimman abubuwa, wanda ke haifar da ci gaban tsire-tsire mara kyau, karancin furannin fure da kuma samar da fruita fruitan itace, yana taƙaita haɓakar amfanin gona da inganci.

A sakamakon haka, yawan amfani da takin yana raguwa daga shekara zuwa shekara kuma farashin shigarwa ya karu da 50-100%

3. Acidify kasar gona da jawo cututtukan rhizosphere daban-daban da cututtukan hoto

Saboda pH na takin kaza ya kusan kusan 4, yana da ƙamshi sosai kuma zai ba da ƙasa, wanda zai haifar da raunin sinadarai da mummunar lalacewa ga tushe da tushen jijiyoyi, suna ba da ƙwayoyin cuta da yawa waɗanda taki kaza ke ɗauke da su, cututtukan da ke haifar da ƙasa -ke dauke da kwayoyin cuta, ƙwayoyin cuta kuma ya bayar da damar shiga da kamuwa da cuta, da zarar zafi da zafin jiki sun isa cutar za su auku.

Yin amfani da taki bai cika ba da taki kaza, mai sauƙin haifar da shuke-shuke, rawaya bushe, atrophy ya daina girma, babu furanni da fruita fruitan itace, har ma da mutuwa; Cutar ƙwayar cuta, cututtukan annoba, ruɓaɓɓen ruɓewa, ruɓaɓɓen tushe da ƙwaƙwaran ƙwayoyin cuta sune mafi mahimman bayanai game da amfani da taki kaza.

4.Root kulli nematode ɓarna

Takin kaza wuri ne da ake kiwo don nematodes masu ɗorewa. Lambar tushen-kulli nematode qwai 100 a kowace gram 1000. Qwai a cikin taki kaji suna da sauƙin ƙyanƙyashewa kuma ninka su ta hanyar dubun dubbai da daddare.

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Nematodes suna da matuƙar damuwa ga wakilan sinadarai, kuma da sauri suna matsawa zuwa zurfin 50 cm zuwa 1.5 m, yana sa su da wuya a warke. Tushen-kulli nematode yana daya daga cikin haɗari masu haɗari musamman ga tsofaffin ɗaruruwan da suka wuce shekaru 3.

5. Shigo da maganin rigakafi, wanda ke shafar lafiyar kayan gona

Abincin kaza yana dauke da sinadarin homon mai yawa, kuma yana kara kwayoyin cuta don kare cuta, wadannan za a shigar dasu cikin kasa ta hanyar taki kaza, wanda ke shafar lafiyar kayayyakin amfanin gona

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6. Samar da iskar gas mai cutarwa, wanda ke shafar ci gaban amfanin gona, yana kashe shuka

Takin kaza a cikin bazuwar tsari don samar da methane, ammonia gas da sauran iskar gas masu cutarwa, ta yadda kasa da amfanin gona ke haifar da lalacewar acid da lalacewar tushe, mafi tsanani shi ne samar da iskar gas na ethylene na ci gaban tushe, wanda kuma shine babban dalilin konewa tushen.

7. Cigaba da amfani da najasar kaza, wanda hakan ke haifar da rashin isashshen oxygen a cikin tushen tsarin

Cigaba da amfani da taki na kaji yana haifar da rashin isashshen oxygen a cikin tushen tsarin da kuma ci gaban mara kyau. Lokacin da aka sanya taki kaza a cikin kasar, tana cin iskar oxygen a cikin kasar yayin aikin bazuwar, yana sanya kasar ta wani lokaci cikin yanayin hypoxia, wanda zai hana ci gaban amfanin gona.

8. Karfe mai nauyi ya wuce misali

Takin kaza yana dauke da nau'ikan karafa masu nauyi kamar tagulla, mercury, chromium, cadmium, gubar da arsenic, da kuma ragowar sinadarai masu yawa na hormone, wadanda ke haifar da karafa masu nauyi a cikin kayayyakin noma, gurbataccen ruwa da kasa, suna daukar lokaci mai tsawo don kwayoyin al'amari ya canza zuwa humus, kuma ya haifar da asarar abinci mai gina jiki.

Me yasa yalwar kasar gona tayi kamari musamman ta hanyar amfani da taki kaji?

Wannan saboda hanjin kaza madaidaiciya ne, najasa da fitsari tare, don haka kwayoyin halittar da ke dauke da taki kaza, fiye da kashi 60% na kwayoyin halittar suna cikin sinadarin uric acid, bazuwar sinadarin uric acid yana samar da abubuwa masu yawa na nitrogen, Kilogiram 500 na taki kaza daidai yake da kilogiram 76.5 na urea, farfajiyar tana kama da amfanin gona yana girma da ɗabi'a mai ƙarfi. Idan irin wannan yanayin ya faru a cikin nau'in jaket ko bishiyar inabi ta 'ya'yan itace, zai iya haifar da mummunan cutar ilimin lissafi.

Wannan galibi saboda adawa tsakanin nitrogen da abubuwan alamomi da yawan urea, wanda zai haifar da toshe abubuwa daban-daban na tsakiya da abubuwan alamomi, wanda ke haifar da ganye rawaya, ruɓaɓɓen cibiya, fashewar 'ya'yan itace da cutar ƙafa kaza.

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Shin kun taɓa haɗuwa da yanayin ƙona shuki ko ruɓaɓɓen tushe a cikin lambunanku ko lambunan lambuna?

Ana amfani da takin mai yawa, amma ba za'a iya inganta amfanin ƙasa da inganci ba. Shin akwai wasu lokuta marasa kyau? kamar mutuwar rabin tsawon, ƙarancin ƙasa, tattaka mai nauyi, da dai sauransu. Taki na kaji yana buƙatar wucewa ta hanyar zazzagewa da magani mara lahani kafin a iya amfani da shi a cikin ƙasa!

M da ingantaccen amfani da taki kaji

Takin kaza kyakkyawa ne mai ɗanɗano na takin gargajiya, wanda ya ƙunshi kusan 1.63% nitrogen mai tsabta, kimanin 1.54% P2O5 da kusan 0.085% potassium. Ana iya sarrafa shi zuwa takin gargajiya ta kayan aikin samar da takin zamani. Bayan aikin ferment, za a kawar da kwari masu lahani da ƙwayoyin ciyawa tare da haɓaka da faɗuwar yanayin zafin jiki. Layin samar da taki na kaza sun hada da ferment, murkushewa, hada abubuwa masu hade → granulation → bushewa → sanyaya → nunawa ering mitar da hatimi → ajiyar kayayyakin da aka gama.

Jadawalin kwararar tsarin samar da takin zamani

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Taswirar gudana takin zamani wanda yake samarwa tan 30,000 a shekara

 

Asalin gina layin samar da takin gargajiya

1. Za a gina tankunan ruwa guda huɗu a cikin yankin albarkatun ƙasa, kowane tsahon 40m, 3m faɗi kuma 1.2m dee-p, tare da jimillar murabba'in mita 700;

2. Yankin albarkatun kasa zai shirya layin dogo mai saurin mita 320;

3. Yankin samarwa ya mamaye yanki na murabba'in mita 1400;

4. Ana buƙatar ma'aikatan samar da kayayyaki a yankin albarkatun ƙasa, kuma ana buƙatar ma'aikata 20 a yankin samarwa;

5. Yankin albarkatun kasa na bukatar siyan tire mai nauyin ton uku.

 

Babban kayan aiki da kaza taki samar line line

1. Farkon-mataki kayan aikin ferment na taki kaza: tsagi takin turner inji, mai rarrafe Injin takin zamani, mai sarrafa takin zamani mai sarrafa kansa, injin sarkar takin takin gargajiya

2. Matattarar kayan aiki: Semi-rigar abu wa Huɗama, murhunan sarkar, a tsaye wa Huɗama

3. Hada kayan aiki: mai haɗawa a kwance, mahaɗin diski

4. Kayan aikin tantancewa sun hada da na'ura mai juyawa da kuma na'urar nunawa mai motsi

5. Granulator kayan aiki: tashin hankali granulator, Disc granulator, extrusion granulator, Rotary drum granulator da kuma zagaye-zana na'ura

6. Bushewar kayan aiki: busar bushewar drum

7. Kayan aikin sanyaya: Rotary sanyaya inji

8. Kayan aiki na kayan haɗi: mai ba da abinci mai yawa, mai ba da taki kaza, injin rufi, mai tara ƙura, injin kwalliyar ta atomatik

9. Kayan aiki: mai daukar bel, lif na guga.

 

Tsarin tsarin samar da takin zamani gaba daya ya hada da:

1. Ingantaccen fasaha na rikitarwa iri da kwayan flora yaduwa.

2.Yana ingantaccen kayan shirye-shiryen kayan abu da tsarin ƙona halittu.

3. Mafi kyawun fasahar takin zamani na takin zamani (mafi kyawun haɗakar ƙirar samfur za'a iya tsara shi da sauƙi bisa ga yanayin ƙasa da halayen amfanin gona).

4. Fasaha mai amfani da fasaha na gurbatawa na biyu (iskar gas da wari).

5. Tsarin tsari da fasahar kere kere na Layin samar da taki.

 

Batutuwan da ke bukatar kulawa wajen samar da takin kaji

Fineness na albarkatun kasa:

Enessarancin albarkatun ƙasa yana da matukar mahimmanci ga tsarin samar da takin zamani. Dangane da gogewa, yakamata a daidaita mafi kyawun dukkan albarkatun kasa kamar haka: maki 100-60 na albarkatun ƙasa kimanin 30-40%, maki 60 zuwa kusan 1.00 mm a diamita na albarkatun ƙasa kusan 35%, da kuma kusan 25% -30% a cikin diamita na 1.00-2.00 mm. Koyaya, yayin aiwatarwa, yawancin kayan kayan ƙarancin jiki suna haifar da matsaloli kamar su manya manyan ƙwayoyi da ƙananan ɓoyayyun abubuwa saboda ƙyamar viscosity mai kyau.

Matsayin Balagawar Kazar da Takin Kaza

Dole ne taki kaza ta zama cikakke sosai kafin a fara amfani da ita. Kwayoyin da ke cikin takin kaza da kwan su, da kuma wasu kwayoyin cuta, za a kashe su ta hanyar juyawa (fermentation). Bayan ruɓewa cikakke, taki kaza zai zama ingantaccen takin zamani.

1. Balaga

A lokaci guda tare da sharuɗɗan yanayi masu zuwa, zaku iya yanke hukunci game da takin kajin da yake daɗaɗa.

1. Asali babu wari mara kyau; 2. Farin jini; 3. Takin kaza yana cikin yanayi mara kyau.

Lokaci mai kumburi kusan kusan watanni 3 ne a ƙarƙashin yanayin yanayi, wanda za'a haɓaka cikin sauri idan an ƙara waken danshi. Dogaro da yanayin zafin jiki, ana buƙatar kwanaki 20-30 gaba ɗaya, kuma ana iya kammala kwanaki 7-10 ƙarƙashin yanayin samar da masana'anta.

2. zafi

Ya kamata a daidaita abun cikin ruwa kafin ferment din taki kaji. Yayin aiwatar da takin zamani, dacewar abun cikin ruwa yana da matukar mahimmanci. Saboda wakili mai juyawa yana cike da ƙwayoyin cuta masu rai, idan ya bushe sosai ko yayi ruwa sosai zai iya shafar ƙwayoyin ƙwayoyin cuta, gabaɗaya ya kamata a kiyaye su a 60 ~ 65%.


Post lokaci: Jun-18-2021