Yi amfani da sharar dabbobi don samar da takin gargajiya

Use livestock waste to produce biological organic fertilizer (1)

Kulawa mai ma'ana da amfani da taki mai kyau zai iya kawo riba mai tsoka ga yawancin manoma, amma kuma don inganta haɓaka masana'antun su.

Use livestock waste to produce biological organic fertilizer (3)

 

Halittu takin gargajiya wani nau'i ne na takin zamani tare da ayyukan takin gargajiya da takin gargajiya, wanda galibi ya samo asali ne daga ragowar dabbobi da tsirrai (kamar taki dabbobi, ciyawar ciyawa, da sauransu) kuma an haɗa ta da magani mara cutarwa.

Wannan yana tabbatar da cewa takin gargajiya yana da abubuwa biyu: (1) takamaiman aikin ƙwayoyin cuta. (2) maganin sharar gida.

(1) keɓaɓɓiyar ƙwayoyin ƙwayoyin cuta

Specificananan takaddun ƙwayoyin cuta masu aiki a cikin takin gargajiya ba yawanci suna komawa zuwa ƙananan ƙwayoyin cuta, gami da nau'o'in ƙwayoyin cuta, fungi da actinomycetes, waɗanda za su iya inganta canjin abubuwan ƙera ƙasa da haɓakar amfanin gona bayan an yi amfani da su zuwa ƙasa. Za'a iya rarraba takamaiman ayyuka kamar haka:

1.Bitrogen-fixing bacteria: (1) kwayoyin da ke gyara sinadarin nitrogen: galibi ana magana ne game da rhizobia na amfanin gona kamar su: rhizobia, rhizobia mai gyara nitrogen, ciwan ammoniya mai gyara rhizobia, da sauransu; Bacteriawayoyin ƙwayoyin cuta masu ƙarancin ƙwayoyin cuta waɗanda ba su da ma'amala kamar Franklinella, Cyanobacteria, ƙarancin ingancin nitrogen ɗinsu ya fi girma. Bacteria Kwayoyin da ke gyara nitrogen na autogenous: kamar su zagaye na ruwan kasa masu gyara nitrogen, kwayoyin masu daukar hoto, da sauransu. (3) Kwayoyin hadin nitrogen masu hadewa: yana nufin kananan halittun da zasu iya zama su kadai yayin rayuwa a cikin tushen da kuma saman ganyayyaki na rhizosphere , kamar su Pseudomonas genus, lipogenic nitrogen-fixing helicobacteria, da sauransu.

2.Fossphorus narkarda (narkewa) fungi: Bacillus (kamar su Bacillus megacephalus, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus humilus, da sauransu), Pseudomonas (kamar su Pseudomonas fluorescens), kwayoyin nitrogen masu gyara, Rhizobium, Thiobacillus thiooxidans, Penicillium, , Tsinkaya, da dai sauransu.

Use livestock waste to produce biological organic fertilizer (2)

3.N narkewar (narkewar) kwayoyin potassium: sinadarin silicate (kamar su colloid Bacillus, colloid Bacillus, cyclosporillus), wadanda ba silicate potassium ba.

4.Abiobiotics: Trichoderma (kamar Trichoderma harzianum), actinomycetes (kamar su Streptomyces flatus, Streptomyces sp. Sp), Pseudomonas fluorescens, Bacillus polymyxa, Bacillus subtilis iri, da dai sauransu.

5.Rhizosphere mai bunkasa kwayoyin cuta da kuma bunkasa fungi mai bunkasa tsiro.

6.Fitilar dandamali mai haske: nau'ikan jinsin halittar Pseudomonas gracilis da nau'ikan jinsin halittar Pseudomonas gracilis. Wadannan jinsunan sune kwayoyin cututtukan aerobic wadanda zasu iya girma a gaban hydrogen kuma sun dace da samar da takin zamani.

7.Cin kwaya mai jurewa da karin kwayoyin samarwa: Beauveria bassiana, Metarhizium anisopliae, Phylloidase, Cordyceps da Bacillus.

8. Kwayoyin Bazuwar Cellulose: thermophilic a kaikaice spora, Trichoderma, Mucor, da dai sauransu.

9. Wasu kwayoyin halittu masu aiki: bayan kananan kwayoyin sun shiga cikin kasa, zasu iya fitar da abubuwa masu kimiyyar lissafi don motsawa da tsara tsirrai. Wasu daga cikinsu suna da tsarkakewa da lalacewar abubuwa akan guba, kamar yisti da kwayoyin lactic acid.

2) Abubuwan da aka samo daga ragowar dabbobin da suka lalace. Kayan gargajiya ba tare da kumburi ba, ba za a iya amfani da su kai tsaye don yin taki, haka nan ba zai iya zuwa kasuwa ba.

Don yin kwayar cutar ta haɗu da kayan abu kaɗan kuma a sami cikakkiyar ferment, ana iya zuga ta ko'ina ta hanyar compna'urar juyawa kamar yadda ke ƙasa:

Use livestock waste to produce biological organic fertilizer (4)

Kayan da aka saba amfani dasu

(1) Feces: kaji, alade, saniya, tumaki, doki da sauran taki dabba.

(2) Bambaro: bambaro masara, bambaro, bambaro na alkama, ciyawar waken soya da sauran tsire-tsire masu amfanin gona.

(3) kwandon baƙi da ɓawon burodi. Powderunƙarar shinkafar shinkafa, ƙwanƙoliyar gyada, gyaɗa irin na gyada, shinkafar shinkafa, ƙamshin fungus, da sauransu.

(4) dregs: dregs na distiller, soya sauce dregs, vinegar dregs, furfural dregs, xylose dregs, enzyme dregs, tafarnuwa sugar, dregs dss.

(5) cin abincin kek. Kek waken soya, abincin waken soya, mai, wainar da aka yi wa fyade, da sauransu.

(6) Sauran lalatattun gida, lakar tace matatar sikari, lakar sikari, bagasse, da sauransu.

Ana iya amfani da waɗannan albarkatun kasa azaman azaman albarkatun ƙasa masu taimako na samar da takin gargajiya bayan ferment.

Use livestock waste to produce biological organic fertilizer (6)

Tare da takamaiman kananan kwayoyin halitta da bazuwar kwayoyin halitta wadannan yanayi biyu ana iya yin su ta hanyar takin zamani.

1) Hanyar ƙari kai tsaye

1, zaɓi takamaiman ƙwayoyin cuta: ana iya amfani da su azaman ɗaya ko biyu, aƙalla ba fiye da nau'i uku ba, saboda yawancin zaɓin ƙwayoyin cuta, gasa don abubuwan gina jiki tsakanin juna, kai tsaye yana haifar da aiki tare na ɓarna.

2. Lissafin adadin kari: gwargwadon daidaitaccen NY884-2012 na takin zamani a kasar Sin, adadin kwayoyin dake rayuwa na takin zamani ya isa miliyan 0.2 / g. A cikin tan daya na kayan aikin gona, ya kamata a kara sama da kilogiram 2 na takamaiman kwayoyin halittu masu aiki tare da ingantaccen adadin kwayoyin dake rayuwa ≥10 billion / g. Idan adadin ƙwayoyin cuta masu rai sun kai biliyan 1 / g, za a buƙaci ƙara sama da kilogiram 20, da sauransu. Differentasashe daban-daban su sami ƙarin ma'ana bisa ga ma'ana.

3. methodara hanya: Addara ƙwayar cuta mai aiki (foda) zuwa kayan ƙanshi mai ƙanshi bisa ga hanyar da aka ba da shawara a cikin littafin sarrafawa, motsa su daidai kuma kunshin shi.

4. Kariya: (1) Kar a shanya a zafin jiki sama da 100 ℃, in ba haka ba zai kashe kwayoyin cuta masu aiki. Idan ya zama dole don bushewa, ya kamata a kara bayan bushewa. (2) Saboda dalilai daban-daban, abubuwan cikin ƙwayoyin cuta a cikin takin gargajiya wanda aka shirya ta hanyar ƙididdigar ƙididdiga galibi ba ya isa ga ingantattun bayanai, don haka a cikin shirye-shiryen shirye-shiryen, ƙananan ƙwayoyin cuta ana ƙara su fiye da 10% mafi girma fiye da ingantaccen bayanai .

2) tsufa na biyu da hanyar fadada al'adu

Idan aka kwatanta da hanyar ƙari kai tsaye, wannan hanyar tana da fa'idar adana kuɗin ƙwayoyin cuta. Abinda ya rage shine cewa ana buƙatar gwaje-gwajen don ƙayyade adadin takamaiman ƙwayoyin microbes don ƙarawa, yayin ƙara ƙarin tsari kaɗan. Gabaɗaya ana ba da shawarar cewa adadin adadin ya zama 20% ko sama da haka na hanyar ƙari kai tsaye kuma ya kai matsayin takin gargajiya na ƙasa wanda ya dace da shi ta hanyar tsufa. Matakan aiki kamar haka:

 

1. Zaɓi takamaiman ƙwayoyin ƙwayoyin cuta (foda): na iya zama iri ɗaya ko biyu, aƙalla bai fi nau'i uku ba, saboda yawancin ƙwayoyin cuta suna zaɓa, gasa don abubuwan gina jiki tsakanin juna, kai tsaye yana haifar da tasirin kwayar cuta daban-daban.

2. Lissafin adadin kari: gwargwadon yadda takin zamani yake a kasar Sin, adadin kwayoyin dake rayuwa na takin zamani ya kai miliyan 0.2 / g. A cikin tan guda daya na kayan abu, yakamata a kara tasiri mai amfani na kwayoyin ≥10 biliyan / g na takamaiman aikin microbial (foda) akalla kilogram 0.4. Idan adadin ƙwayoyin cuta masu rai sun kai biliyan 1 / g, za a buƙaci ƙara sama da kilogiram 4, da sauransu. Asashe daban-daban su bi ƙa'idodi daban-daban don ƙarin ƙari.

3. methodara hanya: kwayar cuta mai aiki (foda) da alkamar alkama, hoda fatar shinkafa, bran ko wani ɗayansu don haɗawa, kai tsaye ƙara kayan ƙwayoyin fermented, haɗuwa dai-dai, tara su tsawon kwanaki 3-5 don yin takamammen ƙwayoyin cuta masu aiki da kai.

4. Danshi da kuma kula da yanayin zafin jiki: yayin daddawa, ya kamata a sarrafa danshi da zafin jiki gwargwadon yanayin ilimin halittu na kwayoyin cuta. Idan zafin jiki ya yi yawa, ya kamata a rage tsayin daka.

5. keɓaɓɓen aikin gano ƙwayoyin cuta: bayan ƙarshen jeruwa, samfura da aikawa ga ma'aikata tare da ikon gano ƙananan ƙwayoyin cuta don gwajin farko ko abun cikin takamaiman ƙananan ƙwayoyin cuta na iya haɗuwa da daidaito, idan ana iya cimma shi, zaku iya yin takin gargajiya. ta wannan hanyar. Idan ba a sami wannan ba, ƙara adadin ƙari na takamaiman ƙwayoyin cuta masu aiki zuwa 40% na hanyar ƙari kai tsaye kuma maimaita gwaji har zuwa nasara.

6. Kariya: Kar a shanya a zafin jiki sama da 100 ℃, in ba haka ba zai kashe kwayoyin cuta masu aiki. Idan ya zama dole don bushewa, ya kamata a kara bayan bushewa.

Use livestock waste to produce biological organic fertilizer (5)

A cikin samar da takin zamani bayan fermentation, gabaɗaya kayan powdery ne, wanda galibi ke tashi tare da iska a lokacin rani, wanda ke haifar da asarar albarkatun ƙasa da gurɓatar ƙura. Sabili da haka, don rage ƙura da hana cin abinci,aikin granulation ana yawan amfani dashi. Zaka iya amfani mai motsa haƙƙin haƙori a hoton da ke sama don hadawa, ana iya amfani da shi zuwa humic acid, baƙin ƙarfe, kaolin da sauran mawuyacin gurɓataccen kayan abinci.


Post lokaci: Jun-18-2021