Takin Tumaki ga Fasaha Takin Taki

Akwai gonakin tumaki da yawa a cikin Ostiraliya, New Zealand, Amurka, Ingila, Faransa, Kanada da sauran ƙasashe da yawa. Tabbas, yana samar da taki mai yawa da yawa. Abubuwa ne masu kyau don samar da takin zamani. Me ya sa? Ingancin takin tumaki shi ne na farko a kiwon dabbobi. Zaɓin abincin tumaki shine burodi, ciyawa mai laushi, furanni da koren ganye, waɗanda sune sassan haɗakar nitrogen. 

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Nazarin abinci mai gina jiki

Sabbin taki na tumaki ya ƙunshi kashi 0.46% na phosphorus da 0.23% na potassium, amma abun nitrogen na 0.66% ne. Sinadarin phosphorus da potassium duk iri daya ne da sauran taki dabba. Abubuwan da ke tattare da ƙwayoyin halitta ya kai kimanin 30%, nesa da sauran taki dabba. Sinadarin Nitrogen ya nunka ninki biyu a cikin taki saniya. Sabili da haka, idan aka yi amfani da adadin adadin takin tumaki a ƙasa, ingancin takin zamani ya fi sauran takin dabbobi yawa. Tasirin taki yana da sauri kuma ya dace da ado na sama, amma bayanbazuwar ferment ko granulation, in ba haka ba yana da sauƙi don ƙona ƙwayoyi.

Tumaki abu ne mai ban sha'awa, amma yana da wuya a sha ruwa, saboda haka taki tunkiya ta bushe kuma tayi kyau. Adadin najasa shima kadan ne. Takin tunkiya, a matsayin taki mai zafi, yana daga takin dabbobi tsakanin takin dokin da taki saniya. Takin tunkiya yana da wadatattun kayan abinci. Abu ne mai sauki sauƙaƙe zuwa ingantattun abubuwan gina jiki waɗanda za a iya shanye su, amma kuma suna da abubuwan gina jiki masu wahalar lalacewa. Sabili da haka, takin zamani taki mai hade da aiki ne mai saurin aiki da taki mai karamin karfi, wanda ya dace da aikace-aikacen kasa iri-iri. Takin tunkiya tatakin bio-taki kwayoyin cuta na takin zamani, kuma bayan farfasa ciyawar, kwayoyin hadaddun kwayoyin sun motsa daidai, sannan kuma ta hanyar aerobic, anaerobic fermentation don zama ingantaccen takin gargajiya.
Abubuwan da ke cikin sharar tumaki ya kai kashi 24% - 27%, sinadarin nitrogen ya kasance 0.7% - 0.8%, abun cikin phosphorus ya kasance 0.45% - 0.6%, abun cikin potassium shine 0.3% - 0.6%, kwayoyin halitta a cikin tumaki 5%, sinadarin nitrogen na kashi 1.3% zuwa 1.4%, phosphorus kadan, potassium yana da matukar wadata, har zuwa 2.1% zuwa 2.3%.

 

Takin Takin Taki / Ferment:

1. Hada taki na tumaki da kuma danyar garin budu. Adadin bambaro foda ya dogara da tumakin taki danshi abun ciki. Gabaɗaya takin / ferment yana buƙatar kashi 45% na danshi.

2. Sanya kilogiram 3 na hadaddun kwayoyin halittu zuwa tan 1 na kayan taki na tumaki ko tan 1.5 na taki mai kyau. Bayan diluting kwayoyin a cikin rabo na 1: 300, za ku iya a ko'ina fesa cikin tumaki taki kayan tari. Appropriateara adadin naman masara daidai, ciyawar masara, busasshiyar ciyawa, da dai sauransu.
3. Zai kasance sanye take da mai kyau taki mahautsini don motsa kayan kayan. Hadawa dole ne ya zama daidai, ba barin toshe ba.
4. Bayan hada dukkan kayan danyen, zaku iya hada takin windrow. Girman tarin yana da 2.0-3.0 m, tsawo na 1.5-2.0 m. Game da tsayi, fiye da 5 m ya fi kyau. Lokacin da yawan zafin jiki ya wuce 55 ℃, zaka iya amfanitakin windrow Turner machine don juya shi.

Sanarwa: akwai wasu abubuwan da suke da alaƙa da naka yin taki taki, kamar zafin jiki, yanayin C / N, darajar pH, oxygen da inganci, da dai sauransu.

5. Takin zai kasance kwana 3 zazzabi ya tashi, kwana 5 wari, kwana 9 a kwance, kwanaki 12 masu kamshi, kwanaki 15 cikin bazuwar.
a. A rana ta uku, yanayin zafin jiki na takin zamani ya tashi zuwa 60 ℃ - 80 ℃, yana kashe E. coli, ƙwai da sauran cututtukan tsire-tsire da kwari.
b. A rana ta biyar, an daina jin ƙanshin taki na tumaki.
c. A rana ta tara, takin ya zama bushe kuma ya bushe, an rufe shi da farin hyphae.
d. A rana ta goma sha biyu ta farko, tana samar da dandano na ruwan inabi;
e. A rana ta goma sha biyar, taki tunkiya ta girma.

Lokacin da kuke yin takin da ya lalace na takin zamani, zaku iya siyar dashi ko kuyi amfani dashi a gonarku, gonarku, gonar inabi, da sauransu. Idan kuna son yin ƙwayoyin hatsin takin gargajiya ko ƙwayoyin, takin takin ya kamata ya kasance a ciki zurfin samar da takin zamani.

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Tumakin Takin Ra'ayin Tattalin Arziki na ganabi'a

Bayan takin zamani, ana aika da takin zamani cikin kayan Semi-rigar abu wa Huɗama don murkushe. Sannan sai a kara wasu abubuwa wajen yin takin (sinadarin nitrogen, phosphorus pentoxide, potassium chloride, ammonium chloride, da sauransu) don biyan matsayin abinci mai gina jiki da ake bukata, sannan a hada kayan. Yi amfani dasabon nau'in kwayar taki don tattara kayan cikin barbashi. Bushe da kwantar da barbashi. Yi amfani daInjin allo don yin daidaitattun ƙididdigar ƙwayoyin cuta. Ana iya shigar da ƙwararrun samfura kai tsaye taatomatik shiryawa inji kuma za a mayar da dusar da ba ta cancanta ba zuwa matattarar abubuwa don sake cinikin.
Dukkanin takin zamani taki na samar da takin zamani za'a iya raba shi zuwa takin-kara-hada-hada- -da- kara-bushewa- sanyaya- binciken-kaya.
Akwai layi iri daban-daban na samar da takin zamani (daga ƙarami zuwa babba) don zaɓin ku.

Aikace-aikacen Takin Taki Takin Taki
1. Tumakin takin zamani bazuwar takin zamani yayi jinkiri, saboda haka ya dace da takin tushe. Yana da karin yawan amfanin ƙasa akan amfanin gona. Zai fi kyau tare da hadewar takin zamani mai zafi. Ana amfani da shi zuwa yashi mai yashi da kuma ƙasa mai tsayi, zai iya cimma ci gaban haihuwa, amma kuma inganta aikin enzyme na ƙasa.

2. Takin gargajiya yana dauke da sinadarai iri-iri da ake bukata domin inganta ingancin kayan gona, don kiyaye bukatun abinci.
3. Takin gargajiya shine fa'ida ga metabolismanƙasar ƙasa, inganta ayyukan ƙirar ƙasa, tsari da abubuwan gina jiki.
4. Yana inganta haɓakar fari na amfanin gona, jurewar sanyi, ƙarancin ruwa da ƙwarin gishiri da juriya da cuta.


Post lokaci: Jun-18-2021