Amfani da takin mai magani da kyau

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Ana samar da takin mai magani wanda ake samar dashi daga kayan kayan abinci, abubuwa ne wadanda suke samarda abubuwan gina jiki don ci gaban shuke-shuke tare da hanyoyin jiki ko na kemikal

Kayan Abincin Takin Sinadarai

Takin sunadarai yana da wadata a cikin abubuwa masu muhimmanci guda uku waɗanda ake buƙata don ci gaban shuka. Nau'o'in takin zamani suna cikin manyan iri. Wasu misalan takin mai magani sune ammonium sulphate, ammonium phosphate, ammonium nitrate, urea, ammonium chloride da sauransu.

Menene takin NPK?

Taki nitrogen
Tushen tsire-tsire na iya sha da takin nitrogen. Nitrogen shine babban bangaren sunadarai (gami da wasu enzymes da coenzyme), nucleic acid da phospholipids. Abubuwa ne masu mahimmanci na protoplasm, tsakiya da kuma biofilm, wanda ke da matsayi na musamman a cikin ayyukan tsirrai masu mahimmanci. Nitrogen wani bangare ne na chlorophyll, saboda haka yana da kusanci da hoto. Adadin nitrogen zai shafi rabewar kwayar halitta kai tsaye. Sabili da haka, ana buƙatar wadatar takin nitrogen. Urea, ammonium nitrate da ammonium sulfate ana yawan amfani dasu a harkar noma.

☆ Phosphatic taki
Phosphorus na iya inganta ci gaban asali, furanni, tsaba da fruita fruitan itace. Phosphorus yana cikin matakai daban-daban na rayuwa. Phosphorus yana da wadatar abubuwa masu kayatarwa, waɗanda suke da ayyukan rayuwa masu fa'ida. Sabili da haka, aikace-aikacen taki na P yana da tasiri mai kyau a kan mai noman, reshe da haɓakar tushe. Phosphorus yana inganta jujjuyawar da jigilar carbohydrates, yana ba da damar haɓakar tsaba, tushe da tubers. Yana iya muhimmanci ƙara yawan amfanin ƙasa na amfanin gona.

☆ Takin taki
Ana amfani da taki na Potassic a cikin hanzarin ci gaban kara, motsin ruwa da kuma gabatar da furanni da 'ya'yan itace. Potassium (K) yana cikin sifar ion a cikin tsirrai, wanda ya fi mai da hankali kan sassan da suka fi ba da amfani a rayuwar shuka, kamar su wurin girma, cambium da ganyaye, da sauransu .Patamiya na inganta haɗin furotin, yana sauƙaƙe jigilar sukari da kuma tabbatar da ƙwayoyin halitta sha ruwa.

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Fa'idodi daga takin zamani

Takin sunadarai masu taimakawa shuke-shuke girma
Sun ƙunshi ɗaya ko fiye na mahimman ci gaban gina jiki kamar su nitrogen, phosphorus, da potassium da sauran su. Da zarar an kara su da kasar, wadannan abubuwan gina jiki suna cika bukatun shuke-shuke tare da samar musu da abubuwan gina jiki da suka rasa a dabi'ance ko yake taimaka musu rike kayan abincin da suka bata. Takin kemikal yana ba da takamaiman tsari na NPK don magance ƙasa da tsire-tsire masu ƙarancin abinci mai gina jiki.

Takin kemikal yana da rahusa fiye da takin gargajiya
Takin sunadarai yakan yi ƙasa da takin gargajiya. A gefe guda, gani daga tsarin samar da takin zamani. Ba shi da wahala a gano dalilan da ya sa takin gargajiya yake da tsada: bukatar girbe kayan aikin da za a yi amfani da shi a cikin takin, da kuma karin farashin da hukumomin da ke kula da gwamnati suke yi na tabbatar da su.
A gefe guda, takin mai magani ya zama mai rahusa saboda sun tara ƙarin abubuwan gina jiki a kowane fam na nauyi, yayin da ake buƙatar ƙarin takin gargajiya don daidai matakin na gina jiki. Mutum yana buƙatar fam na takin gargajiya don samar da matakan gina jiki iri ɗaya wanda fam guda na takin mai magani ya samar. Wadannan dalilai guda biyu suna tasiri kai tsaye ga amfani da takin zamani da takin gargajiya. Wasu rahotanni sun nuna cewa kasuwar takin Amurka zata kasance kusan Dala Biliyan $ 40 wanda takin zamani ya mamaye kimanin Dala Miliyan 60. Sauran shi rabo ne na takin zamani na wucin gadi.

Ba da abinci na gaggawa
Samar da kayan abinci na yau da kullun da ƙarancin kuɗin sayayya ya yawaita takin gargajiya. Takin sunadarai sun zama kayan gona a gonaki da yawa, yadudduka da lambuna, kuma suna iya zama mabuɗin tsarin kula da lawan lafiya. Koyaya, shin takin kemikal baya cutar da ƙasa da shuke-shuke? Shin babu wasu abubuwa da ake buƙatar lura dasu yayin amfani da takin mai magani? Amsar kwata-kwata ita ce A'A!

Illolin Muhalli na Amfani da Takin roba

Gurbatar muhalli zuwa tushen ruwa
Wasu daga cikin mahaɗan roba da ake amfani dasu don kera takin mai magani na iya haifar da mummunan tasirin muhalli idan aka basu damar shiga cikin hanyoyin samun ruwa. Nitrogen da ke gudana zuwa cikin ruwa mai zurfin ƙasa ta hanyar 51% na ayyukan ɗan adam. Ammonia nitrogen da nitrate sune babban gurɓataccen ruwa a cikin rafuka da tafkuna, wanda ke haifar da eutrophication da gurɓataccen ruwan ƙasa.

Rushe tsarin ƙasa
Tare da amfani da takin zamani mai tsawan-tsaho da manya, wasu batutuwan muhalli zasu bayyana, kamar su ƙwarin ƙasa da ɓawon burodi. Saboda amfani da yawan takin nitrogen, maimakon takin gargajiya, wasu yankuna na wurare masu zafi suna cikin ɓawon ƙasa, wanda hakan ke haifar da asarar ƙimar noma. Illar takin mai magani akan ƙasa yana da girma kuma ba za'a iya sakewarsa ba.

Use Amfani da takin zamani mai ɗorewa na iya canza ƙasa pH, rikicewar yanayin ƙirar ƙwayoyin cuta, haɓaka kwari, har ma da ba da gudummawa ga sakin iskar gas.
Yawancin nau'o'in takin gargajiya ba su da ƙwari sosai, wanda hakan yakan ƙara yawan asid na ƙasa, wanda hakan ke rage ƙwayoyin halitta masu amfani da kuma ci gaban tsire-tsire. Ta hanyar dagula wannan yanayin halittar, amfani da takin zamani na tsawon lokaci na iya haifar da rashin daidaiton sinadarai a cikin shuke-shuke masu karba.
Applications Maimaita aikace-aikace na iya haifar da tarin ƙwayoyi masu guba kamar su arsenic, cadmium, da uranium a cikin ƙasa. Wadannan sunadarai masu guba na ƙarshe zasu iya shiga cikin 'ya'yan itace da kayan marmari.

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Samun cikakken ilimin aiki da takin zamani na iya kauce wa ɓarnar da ba dole ba a sayan takin mai kuma ƙara yawan amfanin ƙasa.

Zabar taki gwargwadon yanayin kasar

Kafin sayen takin zamani, ya zama dole a kasance da masaniyar ƙasa pH. Idan kasar gona tayi rauni, zamu iya kara amfani da takin zamani, kiyaye sarrafa sinadarin nitrogenous kuma ya kasance yawan takin phosphatic.

Yin amfani da tare takin gargajiya

Yana da mahimmanci don amfani da noma takin gargajiya da takin zamani. Nazarin ya nuna cewa yana da amfani ga jujjuyawar kwayoyin halittar kasa. Tare da yin amfani da takin gargajiya da takin mai magani, kayan kwalliyar ƙasa suna sabuntawa kuma ana inganta ƙarfin musaya na cation na ƙasa, wanda ke taimakawa wajen inganta aikin enzyme na ƙasa da haɓaka shayar amfanin gona. Yana taimaka inganta ingancin amfanin gona, haɓaka abun cikin furotin, amino acid da sauran abubuwan gina jiki, da rage nitrate da nitrite cikin kayan lambu da ‘ya’yan itace.

Zabar madaidaiciyar hanyar hadi

A cikin dabarun hadi da yanayin muhalli, sinadarin nitrate na kayan lambu da amfanin gona da nau'ikan nitrogen a cikin ƙasa suna da alaƙa sosai. mafi girman haɓakar nitrogen a cikin ƙasa, yawan haɓakar nitrate a cikin kayan lambu, musamman a ƙarshen zamani. Saboda haka, amfani da takin mai magani ya kamata ya zama da wuri kuma bai yi yawa ba. Takin nitrogenous bai dace da yaduwa ba, in ba haka ba yana haifar da lalacewa ko asara. Saboda rashin motsi, takin phosphatic yakamata ya kasance cikin wuri mai zurfi.

Takin sunadarai yana da babban ni'ima a cikin tsire-tsire, yayin da kuma yana da tasiri sosai ga muhalli.

Akwai haɗarin gurɓatar ruwan cikin ƙasa da matsalolin muhalli waɗanda takin mai magani ke kawowa. Tabbatar kun fahimci ainihin abin da ke faruwa da ƙasa ƙarƙashin ƙafafunku, don ku zaɓi abin da kuka zaɓa a hankali.

Ka'idar amfani da takin zamani

Rage adadin takin mai magani da ake amfani da shi da haɗuwa da takin gargajiya. Yi bincike na abinci mai gina jiki gwargwadon yanayin ƙasa na gida da amfani da takin gwargwadon ainihin buƙatun.


Post lokaci: Jun-18-2021