Yi takin gargajiya naka a gida

Lokacin takin gargajiya na gida, takin gargajiya yana da mahimmanci.

Takin wata hanya ce mai tasiri da tattalin arziki don zubar da sharar dabbobi

Akwai nau'ikan tari guda uku: madaidaiciya, rami rabin rami, da rami

Nau'in madaidaici

Ya dace da zazzabi mai zafi, ruwan sama, yawan zafi, wuraren tebur mai ruwa. Zaɓi wuri wanda yake bushe, buɗe, kuma kusa da hanyoyin ruwa. Ana gudanar da sifofin nisa na tsayin 2m tsawon 1.5-2m gwargwadon yawan albarkatun kasa. Arfafa ƙasa kafin a ɗora ta kuma rufe kowane layin kayan da ciyawar ciyawa ko turf don sha ruwan 'ya'yan itace .. Kowane Layer yana da kauri 15-24cm. Theara adadin ruwa daidai, lemun tsami, sludge, feces, da dai sauransu a tsakanin yadudduka don rage ƙarancin ruwa da ammonia. Bayan wata daya da takin, tuki mai yawo don juya takin kuma juya shi akai-akai har sai kayan sun lalace. Ana buƙatar adadin ruwa daidai gwargwadon laima ko rashin bushewar ƙasa. Yawan takin yana banbanta da yanayi, yawanci watanni 3-4 a rani watanni 2 da watanni 3-4 a hunturu. .

Rabin rami iri

Ana amfani dashi galibi a farkon bazara da hunturu. Zaɓi wuri mara ƙanƙara don haƙa rami mai zurfin kafa 2-3 mai tsawon ƙafa 5-6 da tsawon ƙafa 8-12. Yakamata a kafa ratayoyi masu tushe a ƙasan da ganuwar ramin. Sanya kilogiram 1000 na busasshiyar bambaro zuwa saman takin kuma rufe shi da kasa. Bayan sati daya da takin, zazzabi ya tashi. Yin amfani da dullin da aka sassaka shi, juya jujjuya ferment din dai dai na tsawon kwanaki 5-7 bayan sanyaya, sannan a ci gaba da yin takin har sai kayan sun lalace gaba daya.

Nau'in rami

Gabaɗaya zurfin mita 2 ne, wanda kuma aka sani da nau'in ɓoye. Hanyar tari tana kama da hanyar rami rabin-rabi. Yi amfani da huɗar helix sau biyu yayin bazuwar don sa kayan su kasance cikin ma'amala da iska.

Babban zafin iska na anaerobic.

Tattarawar zafin jiki babbar hanya ce mara lahani don zubar da sharar gida, musamman ma sharar ɗan adam. Ana kashe abubuwa masu haɗari kamar su ƙwayoyin cuta, ƙwai da kuma ciyawar ciyawa a cikin ciyawa da kuma bayan gari bayan an sha magani mai zafi sosai. High takin anaerobic takin zamani 2 hanyoyi, flat leap type da Semi-rami type. Dabarar takin zamani iri daya ne da na takin gargajiya. Koyaya, domin hanzarta bazuwar bambaro, takin mai yawan zafin jiki ya kamata ya ƙara ƙwayoyin ƙwayoyin bazuwar cellulose, da kuma kafa kayan aikin dumama. Yakamata a dauki matakan daskarewa a wuraren sanyi. Takin tsananin zafin jiki ya ratsa matakai da yawa: bazuwar-mai-sanyaya-yanayi. Za'a lalata abubuwa masu cutarwa a yanayin zafi mai zafi. Zai yi kyau idan kuna da takamaiman ciminti ko wurin takin tayal.

Babban sashi: nitrogen.

-Ananan abubuwa: phosphorus, potassium, baƙin ƙarfe.

Ana amfani dashi galibi a cikin takin nitrogen, ƙaramin natsuwa, bashi da sauƙin haifar da lalacewar tushen tsarin. Bai dace da amfani mai nauyi ba yayin lokacin sakamako na furanni. Saboda furanni da ‘ya’yan itace suna bukatar yawan sinadarin phosphorus, potassium, sulfur.

Raw kayan don takin gargajiya na gida.

Muna ba da shawarar zaɓin rukunoni masu zuwa azaman albarkatun ƙasa don takin gargajiya na gida.

1. Shuka danyen kayan

Bushewar abubuwa

A cikin manyan biranen Amurka da yawa, gwamnati na biyan ma’aikatan da ke tara ganye. Idan takin ya balaga, ana siyar dashi ga manoma a farashi mai rahusa. Sai dai idan yana cikin yankuna masu zafi, zai fi kyau a sanya kowane ɗakunan ganye masu ɗebo kasa da kauri 5-10 cm, ganye masu yankewa a ƙasa kaurin sama da 40 cm. Ana buƙatar rufe tazara tsakanin yadudduka daban-daban na ganyayyaki masu yankewa tare da mutane da yawa kamar ƙasa, wanda zai iya ɗaukar watanni 6 zuwa 12 don lalacewa. Kiyaye kasar gona da danshi, amma kar a cika mata ruwa domin hana asarar sinadarin gina kasa.

'Ya'yan itãcen marmari

Idan ana amfani da ruɓaɓɓen 'ya'yan itace, iri, bawo, furanni, da sauransu, lalacewa na iya ɗaukar ɗan lokaci kaɗan. Phosphorus, potassium da sulfur sun fi girma.

Kek ɗin wake, wake na wake, da sauransu

Dogaro da yanayin lalacewa, takin yakan ɗauki aƙalla watanni 3 zuwa 6 kafin ya nuna. Hanya mafi kyau don hanzarta balaga shine ƙara ƙwayoyin cuta. Daya daga cikin ka'idojin yin takin shine babu kamshin kwata-kwata. Sinadarin phosphorus, potassium da sulfur sun fi na takin zamani bushewa, amma yafi na takin 'ya'yan itace. Ana yin takin kai tsaye daga kayan waken soya ko waken soya. Waken suya na daukar lokaci mai tsawo don yin takin saboda yawan mai su. Ga abokai waɗanda suke yin kitse mai ƙanshi, yana iya jin ƙanshin shekara ɗaya ko shekaru daga yanzu. Saboda haka, muna ba da shawarar cewa a dafa waken soya sosai, a ƙone shi, sannan a jiƙa shi. Zai iya rage lokacin yin ciki.

2. Fitar da dabbobi

Dabbobin shuke-shuke kamar tumaki da shanu sun dace da kumburi da samar da takin zamani. Bugu da kari, takin kaza da takunkumin kurciya mai dauke da sinadarin phosphorus yana da yawa, shima zabi ne mai kyau.

Lura: Fitar da dabba wanda aka sarrafa kuma aka sake sarrafa shi a madaidaicin shuka ana iya amfani dashi azaman albarkatun ƙasa don takin gargajiya. Koyaya, saboda rashin ingantattun kayan aikin sarrafawa a cikin gida, ba zamu bada shawarar amfani da najasar ɗan adam azaman kayan ɗanɗano don yin takin gargajiya ba.

3. Takin Halitta na'asa

Tafkin kandami

Jima'i: Na asali, amma babban danko. Ya kamata a yi amfani dashi azaman taki mai tushe, ba shi kadai ba.

Tushen allurar Pine

Lokacin da kaurin dutsen ya fi 10-20cm girma, ana iya amfani da allurar pine azaman albarkatun ƙasa don takin gargajiya. Koyaya, baza ku iya amfani da.

Bishiyoyi masu ƙarancin abun ciki kamar su fado fuka fukai, suna da sakamako mai kyau.

Peat

Taki yafi inganci. Koyaya, ba za a iya amfani da shi kai tsaye ba kuma ana iya cakuɗe shi da sauran kayan aikin ƙwayoyi

Dalilin da yasa yakamata kwayoyin halitta su bazu.

Bazuwar kwayoyin halitta yana haifar da manyan canje-canje guda biyu ta hanyar aikin microbial: bazuwar kwayoyin halitta yana kara ingantattun kayan abinci na takin zamani. A gefe guda, kwayoyin halitta na albarkatun kasa suna da taushi daga wuya zuwa laushi, kuma ana canza yanayin daga rashin daidaituwa zuwa daidaito. A yayin aiwatar da takin zamani, yana kashe ciyawar tsire-tsire, ƙwayoyin cuta, da yawancin kwai. Saboda haka, ya fi dacewa da bukatun noman kayan gona.


Post lokaci: Sep-22-2020