Yi Takin Taki a Gida

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Yadda ake Tattara Sharar Fata?

Takan lalata takin gargajiya ya zama dole kuma ba makawa lokacin da magidanta suke yin takin kanku a gida. Tattara shara ma hanya ce mai inganci da tattalin arziki wajen kula da sharar dabbobi. Akwai hanyoyin takin gargajiya iri 2 a cikin wadataccen takin gargajiya na gida.

Janar Taki
Zazzabi na takin gama gari bai kai 50 ℃ ba, yana da lokacin yin takin da ya fi tsayi, yawanci watanni 3-5. 

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Akwai nau'ikan piling guda 3: nau'in lebur, nau'in rami mai rami, da nau'in rami.
Lebur Nau'in: dace da yankunan da ke da zafin jiki mai yawa, yawan ruwan sama, yawan ɗumi, da matakin ƙasa mai-ruwa. Zaɓin bushe, buɗe ƙasa kusa da tushen ruwa & dace don safara. Faɗin tari shine 2m, tsayi yana kasancewa 1.5-2m, tsayin sarrafawa ta yawancin kayan aiki. Mingarfafa ƙasa kafin a ɗora da rufe kowane layin kayan tare da layin ciyawa ko turf don sha ruwan 'ya'yan itace. Kaurin kowane Layer yakai 15-24cm. Dingara adadin ruwa daidai, lemun tsami, sludge, ƙasa na dare da sauransu tsakanin kowane Layer don rage ƙarancin ruwa da ammonia volatilization. Tuki mai juya takin da yake tuka kansa (daya daga cikin mahimman injunan takin zamani) don juya tari bayan tarawar wata daya, da sauransu, har sai kayan sun lalace. Suitableara adadin adadin ruwa daidai da jike ko rashin ruwa na ƙasa. Yawan takin yana banbanta da yanayi, yawanci watanni 2 a lokacin bazara, watanni 3-4 a lokacin sanyi.

Semi-rami Type: yawanci ana amfani dashi a farkon bazara da hunturu. Zaɓin rukunin rana da lee don haƙa rami mai zurfin ƙafa 2-3, faɗin ƙafa 5-6, da tsawon ƙafa 8-12. A ƙasa da bangon ramin, ya kamata a sami hanyoyin iska waɗanda aka gina a cikin hanyar gicciye. Yakamata a rufe saman takin yadda yakamata tare da ƙasa bayan an ƙara 1000 catties busassun ɓayoyi. Zazzabi zai tashi bayan takin sati daya. Yin amfani da takin gida mai kwalliyar juji don juya tulin yadin dai-dai bayan an rage zafin jiki na kwanaki 5-7, sannan a ci gaba da tarawa har zuwa ƙarshe albarkatun ƙasa sun ruɓe.

Nau'in Rami: Zurfin 2m Haka kuma ana kiranta nau'in karkashin kasa. Hanyar tari tana kama da nau'in rami. Yayin decomposing tsari, ana amfani da mai juya takin helix mai sau biyu don juya kayan don kyakkyawar ma'amala da iska.

Tattalin Thermophilic

Thermophilic takin gargajiya wata hanya ce ta babba don magance ƙwayoyin kayan aiki, musamman ɓarnar mutane. Abubuwa masu cutarwa, kamar ƙwaya, ƙwai, ciyawar ciyawa da sauransu cikin ɓaɓɓuka da zukar jini, za'a lalata su bayan an sha maganin zazzabi mai zafi. Akwai hanyoyi iri 2 na yin takin zamani, iri iri ne da nau'in rami. Fasaha iri ɗaya ce da takin zamani. Koyaya, don hanzarta bazuwar bambaro, ya kamata takin thermophilic ya yi maganin ƙwayoyin cuta masu narkewar cellulose, da kuma samar da kayan aiki. Yakamata a yi matakan kariya-sanyi a wuraren sanyi. Babban takin zafin jiki ya ratsa matakai da yawa: Zazzaɓi-Zazzabi mai zafi-Saukewar zafin-ya ninka. A cikin babban matakin zafin jiki, za a lalata abubuwa masu cutarwa. 

Raw Kayayyakin Taki na Gida
Muna ba da shawara ga abokan cinikinmu su zaɓi nau'ikan da ke gaba don zama kayan aikinku na takin gargajiya na gida.

1. Shuka Kayan Kaya
1.1 Ganyen Da Ya Fadi

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A cikin manyan birane da yawa, gwamnatoci sun biya kuɗin aikin don tattara ganyen da suka faɗi. Bayan takin ya girma, zai bayar ko siyarwa ga mazaunin a farashi mai sauki. Zai fi kyau ƙasa sama da 40 cm sai dai idan yana cikin wurare masu zafi. An rarraba tari zuwa wasu yadudduka masu sauyawa na ganye da ƙasa daga ƙasa zuwa sama. A cikin kowane layin da ganyen da ya faɗi ya fi ƙasa da 5-10 cm. Matsakaicin tazara tsakanin ganyen da ya faɗi da ƙasa yana buƙatar aƙalla watanni 6 zuwa 12 don ruɓewa. Kula da danshi na kasar, amma kar a sha-ruwa sosai don hana asarar sinadarin gina kasa. Zai fi kyau idan kuna da takaddama ta musamman na takin suminti ko tayal.
Babban aka gyara: nitrogen
Secondary aka gyara: phosphorus, potassium, baƙin ƙarfe
Yawanci ana amfani dashi don takin nitrogen, ƙara maida hankali kuma baya da sauƙi ga cutarwa. Bai kamata ya yi amfani da yawa ba a cikin matakin 'ya'yan itacen fure. Saboda furanni da fruitsa fruitsan itace suna buƙatar yawaitar phosphorus potassium sulfur.

 

1.2 'Ya'yan itace
Idan kayi amfani da ruɓaɓɓen 'ya'yan itace, tsaba, sutturar iri, furanni da sauransu, lokacin ruɓe na iya buƙatar ɗan tsayi. Amma abinda ke cikin phosphorus, potassium da sulfur sunfi yawa.

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1.3 Wake na wake, kayan kwalliyar wake da sauransu.
Dangane da halin lalacewa, takin da ya balaga yana buƙatar aƙalla watanni 3 zuwa 6. Kuma hanya mafi kyau don hanzarta balaga ita ce rigakafin ƙwayoyin cuta. Matsayin takin kwata-kwata bashi da ƙamshi.
Abun cikin phosphorus potassium sulfur ya fi takin juji, amma bai fi takin 'ya'yan itacen ba. Yi amfani da waken soya ko wake don yin takin kai tsaye. Saboda kayan cikin waken soya suna da yawa, saboda haka, lokacin jinkirtawa yayi tsit. Ga mai goyon baya na yau da kullun, idan babu wata fure mai kyau, har yanzu tana da ƙanshin wari bayan shekara guda ko shekaru da yawa daga baya. Saboda haka, muna ba da shawarar cewa, a dafa waken soya sosai, a ƙone shi, sannan a sake yin reting. Don haka, zai iya rage lokacin jinkirtawa.

 

2. Fitowar Dabba
Dandanon dabbobi masu daɗi, kamar tumaki da shanu, sun dace da ƙwayarsu samar da takin zamani. Bayan wannan, saboda yawan abun ciki na phosphorus, taki kaza da dungullen kurciya suma zabi ne mai kyau.
Sanarwa: Idan ana sarrafawa da sake sarrafa shi a cikin masana'antar ta yau da kullun, ana iya amfani da fitowar mutum azaman albarkatun ƙasa na takin gargajiya. Iyalai, duk da haka, rashin ingantattun kayan aikin sarrafawa, don haka ba ma bayar da shawarar a zaɓi fitowar ɗan adam a matsayin kayan ɗanye yayin yin takin naku. 

 

3. Takin Halitta na /abi'a / Nasa mai gina jiki
Lud Ruwan kandami
Hali: Mai haihuwa, amma yana da ƙoshin lafiya. Ya kamata a yi amfani dashi azaman taki mai tushe, bai dace ba don amfani da shi kai tsaye.
Rees Bishiyoyi

 

Kamar Taxodium distichum, tare da ƙarami mai laushi, zai fi kyau.
At Peat
Efficiari sosai. Kada a yi amfani da shi kai tsaye kuma ana iya cakuɗa shi da sauran kayan aikin ƙwayoyi.

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Dalilin da yakamata Al'amurran Halitta su Zama cikakke 
Bazuwar takin gargajiya yana haifar da manyan abubuwa guda biyu na canje-canje a cikin takin gargajiya ta hanyar aikin microbial: bazuwar kwayoyin halitta (kara wadatar takin zamani). A gefe guda, batun takin zamani yana canzawa daga wuya zuwa laushi, yanayin rubutu yana canzawa daga rashin daidaituwa zuwa daidaituwa. A yayin aiwatar da takin zamani, zai kashe kwayar ciyawar, ƙwayoyin cuta da yawancin ƙwai masu tsutsa. Don haka, ya fi dacewa da abin da ake buƙata na aikin noma.

 

 


Post lokaci: Jun-18-2021