YAYA ake samar da takin gargajiya daga sharar abinci?

Sharar abinci tana ta ƙaruwa yayin da yawan mutanen duniya ya girma kuma biranen suka girma. Miliyoyin tan na abinci ana jefawa cikin datti a duniya kowace shekara. Kusan kashi 30% na 'ya'yan itace na duniya, kayan marmari, hatsi, nama da kuma kayan abinci da aka tanada ana zubar dasu kowace shekara. Sharar abinci ta zama babbar matsalar muhalli a kowace ƙasa. Sharar abinci mai yawa na haifar da gurɓataccen yanayi, wanda ke lahanta iska, da ruwa, da ƙasa da kuma halittu masu rai. A gefe guda, sharar abinci tana lalata hanya don samar da iskar gas mai guba kamar methane, carbon dioxide da sauran hayaki mai cutarwa. Sharar abinci tana samar da kwatankwacin tan biliyan 3.3 na iskar gas. Sharan abinci, a gefe guda, ana jefa shi cikin kwandon shara wanda ke ɗaukar manyan filaye, yana samar da iskar gas da ƙura mai iyo. Idan ba a kula da leachate da aka samar yayin zub da shara yadda ya kamata, zai haifar da gurbatawa na biyu, gurɓatar ƙasa da gurɓataccen ruwan ƙasa.

news54 (1)

 Rashin ƙonawa da zubar da shara na da babbar illa, kuma ƙarin amfani da sharar abinci zai ba da gudummawa ga kiyaye muhalli da haɓaka amfani da albarkatun sabuntawa.

Yadda ake samar da abinci mai laushi zuwa takin gargajiya.

'Ya'yan itãcen marmari, kayan lambu, kayayyakin kiwo, hatsi, burodi, filayen kofi, ƙwai, nama da jaridu duk ana iya takinsu. Sharar abinci shine wakili na takin zamani wanda shine babban tushen tushen ƙwayoyin halitta. Sharar abinci ta haɗa da abubuwa masu sinadarai daban-daban, kamar su sitaci, cellulose, furotin na furotin da gishirin inorganic, da N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, K wasu abubuwan alamomin. Sharar abinci tana da kyakkyawar rayuwa, wanda zai iya kaiwa kashi 85%. Yana da halaye na babban kayan cikin jiki, danshi mai yawa da wadataccen kayan abinci, kuma yana da darajar sake amfani da abubuwa. Saboda ɓarnar abinci tana da halaye na ɗimbin abun cikin danshi da ƙananan ƙarancin jiki, yana da mahimmanci a haɗu da sabo kayan abinci tare da wakilin bulking, wanda ke ɗaukar danshi mai yawa kuma yana ƙara tsari don haɗuwa.

Sharar abinci tana da manyan matakan kwayoyin halitta, tare da ɗanyen furotin wanda ya kai 15% - 23%, mai mai na 17% - 24%, ma'adanai na 3% - 5%, Ca na 54%, sodium chloride na 3% - 4%, da dai sauransu

Fasahar sarrafa abubuwa da kayan aiki masu alaƙa don jujjuya sharar abinci zuwa takin gargajiya.

Sanannen abu ne cewa ƙarancin amfani da abubuwan zubar shara yana haifar da gurɓacewa ga mahalli. A halin yanzu, wasu kasashen da suka ci gaba sun kafa ingantaccen tsarin kula da sharar abinci. Misali a cikin Jamus, ana kula da sharar abinci galibi ta hanyar takin zamani da kumburin anaerobic, ana samar da kimanin tan miliyan 5 na takin gargajiya daga sharar abinci a kowace shekara. Ta hanyar takin sharar abinci a cikin Burtaniya, ana iya rage kimanin tan miliyan 20 na hayaƙin CO2 kowace shekara. Ana amfani da takin gargajiya a kusan kashi 95% na biranen Amurka. Takin takin na iya kawo fa'idodin muhalli iri-iri, gami da rage gurɓatar ruwa, kuma fa'idodin tattalin arziƙi suna da yawa.

♦ Rashin ruwa a jiki

Ruwa shine asalin kayan sharar abinci da aka kiyasta kashi 70% -90%, wanda shine ginshikin lalacewar abinci. Saboda haka, rashin ruwa a jiki shine mafi mahimmin mahimmanci a cikin aikin jujjuya kayan abinci zuwa takin zamani.

Na'urar riga-kafin sharar abinci ita ce mataki na farko wajen magance sharar abinci. Ya kunshi Dewatering Systemà Ciyar Systemà Tsarin Tsara atomatik Systemà Solid-Liquid separatorà Mai-Ruwa Mai Rarraba Mai Cikin Jirgin Ruwa. Za'a iya raba kwararar asali zuwa matakai masu zuwa:

1. Sharar abinci dole ne a fara bata ruwa saboda tana dauke da ruwa da yawa.

2. Cire sharar da ba ta dace ba daga sharar abinci, kamar karafa, itace, robobi, takarda, yadudduka, da sauransu, ta hanyar rarrabewa.

3. Abinci sharar gida ana jerawa da kuma ciyar dashi cikin dunƙule irin m-ruwa SEPARATOR for murkushe, rashin ruwa a jiki da kuma degreasing.

4. Ragowar abincin da aka matse ya bushe kuma aka haifeshi a yanayin zafi mai zafi don cire danshi mai yawa da ƙananan ƙwayoyin cuta. Fa'ida da bushewar sharar abinci da ake buƙata don takin gargajiya ya cimma, kuma ana iya aika ɓarnar abincin zuwa cikin mahaɗin cikin jirgi kai tsaye ta hanyar mai ɗaukar bel.

5. Ruwan da aka cire daga sharar abinci abinci ne mai gauraya na mai da ruwa, wanda mai raba mai da ruwa ya rabu. Ana sarrafa man da aka rarrabashi yayi zurfi don samun man gas ko kuma na masana'antu.

Dukan masana'antar zubar da abinci tana da fa'idodi na babban fitarwa, aiki mai aminci, ƙarancin farashi da gajeren zagayen samarwa.

♦ Taki

Tankin kumburi wani nau'in tanki ne cikakke wanda aka yi amfani da shi ta hanyar amfani da fasahar zazzabin aerobic, wanda ya maye gurbin fasahar takin gargajiya. Rufewar zazzabi mai zafi da saurin takin zamani a cikin tanki yana samar da takin mai inganci, wanda za'a iya sarrafa shi mafi daidaito da kwanciyar hankali.

Takin cikin jirgi yana da takin ciki, kuma sarrafa zafin jiki shine mahimmin abu yayin takin. Rushewar sauri ta hanyar lalacewar kwayoyin halitta mai saurin lalacewa ta hanyar kiyaye kyakkyawan yanayin zafin jiki na kananan kwayoyin. Samun babban zazzabi don lalata kananan ƙwayoyin cuta da ciyawar ciyayi ya zama dole. Ferment din ya fara ne ta hanyar kananan kwayoyin halitta wadanda suke cikin barnar abinci, suna lalata kayan takin, suna sakin abubuwan gina jiki, suna kara zafin jiki zuwa 60-70 ° C da ake buƙata don kashe ƙwayoyin cuta da ciyawar iri, da saduwa da ka'idoji don sarrafa sharar gida. Takin cikin jirgi yana da lokacin ɓarna mafi sauri, wanda zai iya takin sharar abinci a cikin ɗan kwanaki 4. Bayan kwanaki 4-7 kawai, takin ya cika, wanda ba shi da kamshi, tsafta, kuma wadataccen kayan abu, kuma yana da darajar abinci mai gina jiki.

Wannan taki mai wari, takin zamani wanda mahadi ya samar ba kawai zai iya ciko kasar mai cikewa ba don kare muhalli, amma kuma zai kawo wasu fa'idodin tattalin arziki.

news54 (3)

 Ran Ciki

Gtakaddun takin zamani taka muhimmiyar rawa a dabarun samar da taki gefen duniya. Mabudin inganta takin zamani shine a zabi kayan aikin taki mai dacewa. Cikakken tsari shine tsari na kayan da ake samu a cikin kananan kwayoyi, yana inganta kaddarorin kayan fasaha, hana cin abinci da kuma kara kwararar abubuwa, samar da damar amfani da kananan kudi, saukaka kaya, jigilar kayayyaki, da dai sauransu. ta hanyar injinan taki na takin zamani. A kayan granulation kudi na iya isa 100%, da kuma Organic abun ciki na iya zama high zuwa 100%.

Don Manyan sikelin noma, girman ƙwayar da ta dace don amfani da kasuwa yana da mahimmanci. Injinmu na iya samar da takin gargajiya mai girman daban, kamar su 0.5mm-1.3mm, 1.3mm-3mm, 2mm-5mm.Yaduwar takin gargajiya yana samar da wasu daga cikin ingantattun hanyoyi don cakuɗa ma'adinai don ƙirƙirar takin zamani mai gina jiki da yawa, ba da damar adana da jakar ɗumbin yawa, da samar da sauƙin sarrafawa da aikace-aikace. Takin gargajiya na gargajiya sun fi dacewa a yi amfani da su, ba su da ƙanshi mai daɗi, tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire, da ƙwayoyin cuta, kuma sanannen abin da ke tattare da su. Idan aka kwatanta da taki na dabbobi, suna dauke da sau 4.3 fiye da nitrogen (N), sau 4 na phosphorous (P2O5) kuma kamar sau 8.2 sunfi potassium (K2O). Takin hatsi yana inganta ƙimar ƙasa ta ƙaruwar matakan humus, yawancin alamomin yawan ƙarancin ƙasa ana haɓakawa: ta jiki, ta sinadarai, kaddarorin ƙasa da ƙarancin ƙwayoyin cuta, iska, tsarin zafi, da kuma yawan amfanin gona.

news54 (2)

♦ Dry kuma sanyi.

Rotary drum bushewa & injin sanyaya ana yawan amfani dasu tare yayin layin samar da takin gargajiya. An cire ruwan da ke cikin takin gargajiya, an rage yawan zafin jiki na hatsi, don cimma manufar haifuwa da deodorization. Matakan guda biyu na iya rage girman asarar abinci mai gina jiki a cikin ƙwayoyin cuta da ingantaccen ƙarfin barbashi.

Ie Sieve da kunshin

Tsarin binciken shine raba wadancan takin gargajiya wadanda basu cancanta ba wadanda aka kammala su ta na'ura mai jujjuya dabba. Ana aikawa da takin gargajiya wanda bai cancanta ba don a sake sarrafa shi, a halin yanzu ƙwararrun takin zamani za a tattara shi taatomatik inji marufi.

Amfana daga takin abinci mai takin gargajiya

Canza sharar abinci zuwa takin gargajiya na iya haifar da fa'idodin tattalin arziki da muhalli wanda zai iya inganta lafiyar ƙasa da taimakawa rage yashewa da inganta ƙimar ruwa. Hakanan za'a iya samar da gas da makamashi mai sabuntawa daga sharar abinci da aka sake sarrafawa, wanda zai iya taimakawa rage iskar gas watsi da dogaro kan burbushin halittu.

Takin gargajiya shine mafi kyawun abinci na ƙasa. Yana da kyakkyawan tushen abinci mai gina jiki, gami da nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium da ƙananan ƙwayoyin cuta, waɗanda suke da mahimmanci don ci gaban tsire-tsire. Ba zai iya rage wasu ƙwayoyin cuta da cututtuka kawai ba, har ma ya rage buƙatu da dama na kayan gwari da sunadarai.High-quality takin gargajiya za a yi amfani da shi a fannoni da dama, wadanda suka hada da aikin gona, gonakin gida da kuma nuna furanni a wuraren taron jama'a, wanda kuma zai kawo amfanin tattalin arziki kai tsaye ga masu kerawa.


Post lokaci: Jun-18-2021