Sharar Biogas zuwa Maganin Kirkirar Taki

Kodayake noman kaji yana daɗa ƙaruwa a cikin Afirka a cikin shekarun da suka gabata, amma da gaske ya zama ƙaramin aiki. A cikin 'yan shekarun da suka gabata, duk da haka, ya zama babban kamfani, tare da yawancin' yan kasuwa matasa suna niyya ga fa'idodi masu kyau akan tayin. Yawan kaji sama da 5 000 yanzu sun zama gama gari amma koma zuwa samar da kayan mai girma ya tayar da hankalin jama'a game da zubar da shara yadda ya kamata. Wannan fitowar, mai ban sha'awa, kuma tana ba da damar dama.

Noman mafi girma ya gabatar da ƙalubale da yawa, musamman waɗanda suka shafi zubar da shara. Businessesananan kasuwancin ba sa jan hankali sosai daga hukumomin muhalli amma ana buƙatar ayyukan kasuwanci tare da al'amuran muhalli don bin ƙa'idodin amincin muhalli ɗaya. 

Wani abin sha’awa shine, kalubalantar takin zamani yana baiwa manoma dama don magance wata babbar matsala: wadatarwa da tsadar wutar lantarki. A wasu kasashen Afirka, masana’antu da yawa suna korafi game da tsadar wutar lantarki kuma mazauna birane da yawa suna amfani da janareto saboda wutar ba abar dogaro bace. Canza taki da shara a cikin wutar lantarki ta hanyar amfani da biodigesters ya zama abin sha'awa, kuma manoma da yawa suna juya zuwa gare shi. 

Canza jujin taki zuwa wutar lantarki ya fi kyauta, saboda wutar lantarki ta yi karanci a wasu kasashen Afirka. Biodigester yana da sauƙin sarrafawa, kuma farashi mai sauƙi ne, musamman idan aka duba fa'idodin lokaci mai tsawo

Baya ga samar da wutar ta biogas, duk da haka, sharar biogas, wanda ake samu daga aikin biodigester, zai gurbata mahalli kai tsaye saboda yawansa, yawan sinadarin ammonia nitrogen da kwayoyin, kuma kudin safara, magani da kuma amfani shine babba. Labari mai dadi shine sharar biogas daga biodigester yana da darajar sake amfani da shi, to yaya zamuyi da cikakken amfani da sharar biogas?

Amsar itace biogas taki. Sharar biogas tana da nau'i biyu: daya ruwa ne (biogas slurry), wanda yakai kimanin 88% na duka. Na biyu, saura saura (biogas saura), lissafin kusan 12% na duka. Bayan an fitar da biodigester sharar, ya kamata a saukake na wani lokaci (sakandare na sakandare) don sanya daskararru da ruwa su bambanta ta halitta.M - mai raba ruwa Hakanan za'a iya amfani dashi don raba ruwa da sauran sharar biogas. Biogas slurry ya ƙunshi abubuwa masu gina jiki kamar su nitrogen, phosphorus da potassium, da kuma abubuwan da aka gano kamar zinc da baƙin ƙarfe. Dangane da kudurin, sinadarin biogas ya kunshi jimlar nitrogen 0.062% ~ 0.11%, ammonium nitrogen 200 ~ 600 mg / kg, wadatar phosphorus 20 ~ 90 mg / kg, akwai potassium 400 ~ 1100 mg / kg. Saboda saurin tasirinsa, yawan amfani mai gina jiki, kuma ana iya karbar shi da sauri ta hanyar amfanin gona, yana da nau'ikan mafi kyau saurin saurin haduwar takin zamani. M tarkacen biogas saura taki, abubuwan gina jiki da kuma biogas slurry suna da asali iri daya, dauke da 30% ~ 50% kwayoyin halitta, 0.8% ~ 1.5% nitrogen, 0.4% ~ 0.6% phosphorus, 0.6% ~ 1.2% potassium, amma kuma mai arziki a cikin humic acid fiye da 11%. Acid acid zai iya inganta samuwar tsarin tara ƙasa, haɓaka haɓakar haihuwa da tasiri, haɓaka ƙimar ƙasa da sinadarai, haɓakar ingantaccen ƙasa bayyane yake. Yanayin takin saura na biogas daidai yake da na takin gargajiya, wanda nasa ne na ƙarshen takin zamani kuma yana da mafi kyawun sakamako na dogon lokaci.

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Fasahar kere kere ta amfani da gas slurry yin takin ruwa

Ana shigar da sifar biogas a cikin injin kirar ƙwayoyin cuta don deodorization da fermentation, sa'annan a rarrabe biogas slurry ya rabu ta hanyar na'urar rabuwa mai ƙarfi-ruwa. Rabawa ruwa aka pumped cikin elemental rikitarwa reactor da sauran sunadarai taki abubuwa suna kara da cewa ga rikitarwa dauki. Ruwan rikitarwar ruwa yana shiga cikin tsarin rabuwa da hazo don cire ƙazantar rashin narkewa. An shigar da ruwan rabuwa a cikin bututun mai na daskarewa, kuma ana kara abubuwanda ake nema ta hanyar amfanin gona don shafar aikin. Bayan an kammala aikin, za a shigar da ruwan chelate a cikin tankin da aka gama don kammala kwalba da marufi.

Fasahar kere kere ta amfani da ragowar biogas don yin takin gargajiya

Ragowar biogas da aka rabu an gauraya shi da bambaro, taki kek da sauran kayan da aka niƙa zuwa wani girman, kuma an daidaita yanayin danshi zuwa 50% -60%, kuma an daidaita yanayin C / N zuwa 25: 1. Ana saka kwayoyin hadi a cikin abin da aka gauraya, sannan sai a sanya kayan a cikin tarin taki, fadin ramin bai kasa mita 2 ba, tsayin bai kasa mita 1 ba, tsayin ba shi da iyaka, kuma tankin Hakanan za'a iya amfani da aiwatar da fermentation fermentation. Kula da canjin danshi da yawan zafin jiki yayin da ake yin bushewar don kiyaye yanayin a tari. A matakin farko na yin bushewa, danshi bai kamata ya kasa da kashi 40% ba, in ba haka ba hakan zai kawo ci gaba da kuma hayayyafar kananan halittu, kuma danshi bai kamata ya yi yawa ba, wanda zai shafi samun iska. Lokacin da zafin jiki na tari ya tashi zuwa 70 ℃, da Injin takin zamani ya kamata a yi amfani da shi wajen juya tari har sai ya lalace sosai.

Zurfin sarrafa takin gargajiya

Bayan kayan ferment da balaga, zaka iya amfani dasu kayan aikin taki na takin gargajiya don zurfin aiki. Na farko, ana sarrafa shi zuwa taki mai ƙura. Daaikin samar da takin gargajiya na foda shi ne in mun gwada da sauki. Da farko dai, an murkushe kayan, sannan kuma a binciko ƙazantar da ke cikin kayan ta amfani da ana'urar nunawa, kuma a ƙarshe ana iya kammala marufin. Amma aiki cikintakin gargajiya, Tsarin samar da kwayoyin halitta ya fi rikitarwa, abu na farko da zai murkushe, fitar da kazantar allo, kayan don hadawa, sannan kuma kwayoyin bushewa, sanyaya, shafi, kuma a ƙarshe kammala marufi. Hanyoyin samarwa guda biyu suna da fa'idodi da rashin amfani nasu, tsarin samar da takin zamani mai sauki ne, saka jari kadan ne, ya dace da sabuwar masana'antar takin zamani, datsarin samar da takin gargajiya ya kasance mai rikitarwa, saka hannun jari yayi yawa, amma ƙwayar taki mai sauƙi ba ta da sauƙi don haɓaka, aikace-aikacen ya dace, ƙimar tattalin arziki ya fi girma. 


Post lokaci: Jun-18-2021